The Prevention and Treatment of Diabetes - Non Insulin Dependent

"Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition, where there is less insulin than is required by the body to efficiently clear blood sugar (glucose) from the bloodstream. This can be due to decreased secretion of insulin, a problem with the release of insulin, insulin that cannot work in the cells that need it (insulin resistance), or insulin that is inactivated before it is able to function. Insulin resistance is the first stage of diabetes. If left unattended, it can lead to type-1 diabetes, requiring insulin injections. The risk of developing type-2 diabetes appears to be associated with genetic defects. However, new evidence points to diet and lifestyle as important factors that may be responsible for the development of the disease. Research has shown a strong connection between upper body obesity (people with apple shapes”) and the development of type-2 diabetes mellitus. Excess abdominal weight does not stop insulin formation, but it does make the body less sensitive to insulin. Weight loss reverses this problem. Diabetes can affect people of any age and increases the risk of chronic conditions like heart disease, retinopathy (a disease of the retina) and blindness, peripheral neuropathies (a disease of the nervous system), circulation problems that can lead to amputation, problems with the immune system, and skin ulcers and poor wound healing. Heart disease and stroke are higher in individuals with diabetes. "

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